Adventurous Americans arrived in the Philippines and spread to all parts, here shown in Baguio, previously untouched. Although Americans interacted with Filipinos in order to "civilize" them, Filipinos were still held in low regard.
General Frederick Funston on board the Vicksburg shortly after his deceitful capture of Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Filipino revolution for independence.
President Emilio Aguinaldo of the Philippines
The wall of fire, part of the firing line near Pasig in March 15, 1899. It represents volley-firing in clock-like order at the insurgent entrenchments. The picture was taken just before the general advance"(Picturesque Old Philippines 1). "This shows effect of first smokeless powder used by Americans in the Philippines. The guns are the old Springfield model. Photograph taken during heat of the action at Pasig. In this instance it is long distance firing"(Picturesque Old Philippines 1).
For three years General Aquinaldo and his troops fought a brutal war against the military government that the U.S. had installed. In the end the overwhelming power of the American forces defeated them. During the war the Americans confined many Filipino in concentration camps. William Howard Taft was appointed head of the Philippines Commission, charged with replacing the military government with a civilian legislature. Despite the plan to prepare the Philippines for independence America continued to rule the islands till after WWII.
Wars in the Philippines
The Moro massacre
"Insurgents" during the American war. From the Philippines Islands and far East photograph albums, Duke University.
"C.G. 19th Inf. where Capt. E.B. Smith was killed" From the Philippines Islands and far East photograph albums, Duke University
Skirmish Line halting for rest before wading a paddy-field, Philippine Campaign.
During the Spanish-Colonization of the Philippines, Filipinos were forced to convert to Christianity (Roman Catholic), for 333 years Filipinos were experiencing Christian religion as it is the Spaniard’s prior. But after the Philippines was dominated by American, Protestantism then arrived which was the religious belief of the Americans. On the other hand America in return also adopted Roman Catholic Christianity after the American invasion in the Philippines on July 4, 1946. At the same time, missionaries of the Jehovah's Witnesses arrived in the Philippine during the American Occupation (1898-1945). For this reason Jehovah’s Witnesses Religion was also adopted in the Philippines. They have been involved in several court controversies because of their stand on flag-saluting and blood transfusions. They are best known by their preaching in pairs from house to house. Currently there are more than 150,000 members in the Philippine as of the year 2006.
The Iglesia ni Cristo church for protestants in the Philippines which was established by Felix Manalo.
Jehovah’s Witnesses preaching to each other from house to house in New York, as what they are known to be good at.
In art america contributed the oil painting and blood red paint.
oil paintings- is the process of painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil. Often an oil such as linseed was boiled with a resin such as pine resin or even frankincense.
Blood red paint- is a dark paint also known as alizarin crimson.chool.
Sevel transposrtations have been influenced by the Americans in the the Philippines, such us the submarine,carretelas,railways,ancient bull carts, cars etc.
Many Americans believe in a simple three-class model that includes the:
Rich- This term is applied to a wide array of elite groups existing in the United States.
Middle class-is an ambiguously defined social classes in the united states. While the concept remains largely ambiguous in popular opinion and common language use, contemporary sociologists have put forward several, more or less congruent, theories on the middle class.
Poor- This measure recognizes poverty as a lack of those goods and services commonly taken for granted by members of mainstream society
In the System of writing
- The American system of vertical wrting
- The vertical writing began some 15 years ago as a hygienic movement. Certain german medical experts pronounced in favor of vertical rather than sloping penmanship for the prevention of certain ophthalmic and orthopedic troubles, which seemed to result largely the prevailing style of writing in the schools.
- The system has found many advocates in all parts of Europe, and is now well established in most of the German States, having been introduced either experimentally or finally a large number of schools.
- There are some advantages of vertical system or writing:
- Allows the pupils to sit in a natural position, namely, fronting the desk
- Both eyes are exercised equally
- The hand is not cramped in slop in writing
- It is more easily learned
For the Filipinos, education became important to them. Spreading of democracy and formation of good citizens, including the rights and responsibilities of the people, were the focus of American education in the country.The Americans spread their culture, particularly the English language to the Filipinos.The Filipinos are given the chance to built public schools. The first teachers of the Filipinos were the volunteer Filipino soldiers. The part of their mission was to build classrooms in every place where they were assigned. These soldiers stopped teaching when a group of teachers from the US came to the Philippines in June 1901. In August 1901, 600 teachers called Thomasites. This group became successful in their mission.
From age 7 was required to register is schools located in their own province. The students were given free school materials. There were three levels of education during the American period. The "elementary" level consisted of four primary years and 3 intermediate years. The "secondary" or high school level consisted of four years; and the third was the "college" or tertiary level.Many elementary and secondary schools were opened in cities and provinces. Normal, vocational, agricultural, and business schools were also opened. There were also colleges during the American period. Some of these colleges are: Philippine Normal School in 1901 (now a university)and other normal schools troughout the country such as Silliman University (1901),Negros Oriental High School (1902),St. Paul University Dumaguete(1904), Cebu Normal School (1915) also a university at present, Iloilo Normal School in 1902 (now West Visayas State University) and Zamboanga Normal School in 1904 (now Western Mindanao State University) ; National University (1901); University of Manila (1914); Philippine Women University (1919); and Far Eastern University (1933). Examples of vocational schools are: the Philippine Nautical School, Philippine School of Arts and Trades and the Central Luzon Agriculture .The University of the Philippines was also founded in 1908.
For a clearer understanding here are some sites of videos you may view about the american influences in the Philippines:
Asms..k12.ar.us. American Imperialism. 18, February 1998. May 18, 2009 <http://asms.k12.ar.us/classes/humanities/worldstud/97-98/imper/Philippines/usa.htm>
Bruce. Americanization Begns.n.d. May 18, 2009.
Agoncillo, Teodoro A. History of the Philippines: Before the conquest. Quezon City: Garotech, 1990.
Wikepedia.com.Religion in the Philippines. 5,April 2009, 1,May 18, 2009<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandugo>